It is important for pregnant women to take certain vitamins and minerals to ensure the best possible health for them and their baby. Folic acid is one of the most important vitamins to take before and during early pregnancy, as it can help prevent congenital abnormalities known as neural tube defects. Women should also take a vitamin supplement to get enough vitamin D, iron, and calcium. Additionally, they should eat foods that are rich in folic acid, such as citrus fruits, leafy greens, and beans.
Iron is also important during pregnancy, as it helps the body produce more blood and oxygen for the baby. Vitamin C can help increase the amount of iron absorbed by the body. Calcium is also important for pregnant women, as it helps the baby's bones and teeth grow. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a type of fat that helps with growth and development.
Iodine is a mineral that helps produce thyroid hormones, which help the body use and store energy from food. Women should not take dietary or herbal supplements during pregnancy, as they can be harmful to the baby. Eating healthy foods and taking a prenatal vitamin every day should provide all the vitamins and minerals needed during pregnancy.