Vitamins are essential for the body to function properly, and they are divided into two main categories: fat-soluble and water-soluble. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble, while vitamins B and C are water-soluble. It is important to understand the difference between these two types of vitamins in order to ensure that the body is getting the right amount of each. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed by the body's fat globules and then carried through the bloodstream.
These vitamins are found in high-fat food sources, such as egg yolks, liver, beef, fatty fish, and dairy products. An excessive amount of fat-soluble vitamins A or D can build up in the body and have harmful effects. On the other hand, water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water and are easily absorbed by body tissues. They are metabolized more quickly than fat-soluble vitamins and any excess is excreted in urine.
Many B vitamins and vitamin C are found in vegetables (such as leafy greens and other green vegetables) and fruits (such as citrus fruits). Vitamin B complex is a pack of eight vitamins: E, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12. Thiamine (vitamin B1) helps release energy from food, promotes normal appetite and plays a role in muscle contraction and conduction of nerve signals. Vitamin B6 deficiency is rare and is usually associated with low levels of other B vitamins, such as vitamin B12 and folic acid. Vitamin C also helps wound healing, bone and tooth formation, strengthens blood vessel walls, improves immune system function, increases iron absorption and utilization, and acts as an antioxidant.
It is important to note that a low-fat diet can cause a deficiency in fat-soluble vitamins because fats in food help the body absorb them. Additionally, certain disorders (malabsorption syndrome), infections, surgical procedures, medicines (such as mineral oil), and other disorders can interfere with the absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins. In conclusion, it is important to understand the difference between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in order to ensure that the body is getting the right amount of each. It is best to focus on vitamin intake primarily through diet with the support of a multivitamin complex.