Supplements are regulated like food, meaning that manufacturers can market anything they consider safe. However, this doesn't mean that the world of vitamins and supplements is free for everyone. Drugs must be approved by the FDA before they can be sold or marketed, but supplements do not require this approval. Supplement companies are responsible for having proof that their products are safe, and the claims on the label are true and not misleading.
As long as the product does not contain a “new dietary ingredient” (one introduced since October 15, 1999), the company does not have to provide this safety evidence to the FDA before the product is marketed. The FDA regulates vitamin products as “dietary supplements.” The Food and Drug Administration defines dietary supplements, in part, as products taken orally that contain a “dietary ingredient” intended to supplement the diet. Dietary supplements not only include vitamins, but can include minerals, amino acids, botanicals and substances such as probiotics, enzymes and metabolites. The Health and Education on Dietary Supplements Act of 1994 requires that supplement companies must report serious adverse effects on their dietary supplements to the FDA within 15 days. The agency emphasized that it retained the ability to take action against over-the-counter vitamins that were unsafe or mislabeled. So what exactly is the FDA's role in the supplement industry? In this brief review of a very complex topic, it is evident that the FDA gradually lost the authority to regulate dietary supplements containing vitamins, in the same way that legitimate over-the-counter drugs and prescription drugs are regulated. If a supplement company does not comply with FDA regulations, the FDA may prohibit it from selling its product. The FDA does not determine if dietary supplements are effective before they are marketed.
However, it is smart to take precautions when it comes to choosing the right supplement for you. For example, you shouldn't take vitamin E when taking blood thinners, as this could thin the blood too much and cause internal bleeding. Starting in 1962, the FDA tried to revise the 1941 regulations to adopt the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) and, more importantly, to restrict the amount of each vitamin in any product to 150% of the U. Congress became involved again and threatened the FDA with laws to further restrict its role in regulating vitamins if the agency proceeded to use the over-the-counter drug review process. Health Education and Dietary Supplements Act (26%) Health and supplement lobby groups worked hard to ensure that the FDA could not maintain any control over vitamins through the NLEA or any other method. The FDA has limited resources to analyze the composition of food products, including dietary supplements, and therefore focuses its resources first on public health emergencies and on products that may have caused injury or illness. FDA Vitamin Review Panel In 1973, the FDA appointed an expert advisory panel to explore over-the-counter vitamins as part of an extensive and comprehensive FDA over-the-counter review.
If you have a general complaint or concern about food products, including dietary supplements, you can contact the consumer complaint coordinator at the FDA district office closest to you. In conclusion, it is important to understand that while dietary supplement companies do not need approval from the FDA before marketing their products, they are still responsible for ensuring that their products are safe and accurately labeled. If a dietary supplement manufacturer receives any reports about side effects from people who use their products, they must report it to the FDA.