Vitamins are essential for the body to grow and function properly. There are 13 essential vitamins, including vitamins A, C, D, E, K and B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, B6, B12 and folate). Of these, eight are particularly important for optimal health. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps maintain healthy vision and skin.
It also helps the immune system fight off infection. Vitamin B is a group of eight water-soluble vitamins that play an important role in energy production and metabolism. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage and aids in the absorption of iron. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and phosphorus for strong bones and teeth.
Iron is an essential mineral that helps transport oxygen throughout the body. Folic acid helps form red blood cells and is important for pregnant women. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids that help reduce inflammation and support brain health. Calcium is a mineral that helps build strong bones and teeth. Research has also shown that folate and two other B vitamins, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12, may help reduce the risk of certain types of cancer and heart disease.
It's important to get enough of these vitamins through diet or supplements to ensure optimal health.