Here are 8 signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency, dry skin. Eye problems are some of the best-known problems related to vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A deficiency occurs when the body lacks the amount of vitamin A it needs to function properly. Vitamin A deficiency can cause vision loss and blindness.
It can also cause complications to the skin, heart, lungs, tissues, and immune system. Vitamin A deficiency is due to inadequate dietary intake of vitamin A to meet physiological needs. May be aggravated by high rates of infection, especially diarrhea and measles. It is common in developing countries, but is rarely seen in developed countries.
Vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem in more than half of countries, especially in Africa and Southeast Asia. The most serious effects of this deficiency are seen in young children and pregnant women in low-income countries. Vitamin A plays a key role in immune function. A person with vitamin A deficiency may have more frequent infections because they can't fight them as easily.
Vitamin A plays a role in creating healthy cells. Not getting enough of the key vitamin can slow growth or cause children to experience stunted growth or slow bone growth. Subclinical deficiency, even mild, can be a problem, as it can increase the risk of children contracting respiratory and diarrheal infections, slow growth rates, delay bone development, and decrease the chances of survival in case of serious illness. In addition to helping to create the membranes of the eye and cornea, vitamin A is a key compound of a protein in the body called rhodopsin, which absorbs light in the retina.
The disproportionate vitamin A deficiency in women from specific ethnic groups is related to differences in the allele frequencies of polymorphisms related to vitamin A. The best way to prevent vitamin A deficiency is to follow a healthy diet that includes foods that contain vitamin A. Vitamin A can be mobilized from the liver to peripheral tissue through a process of de-esterification of retinyl esters. A person should avoid taking high-dose vitamin A supplements, unless they are prescribed and monitored by a healthcare professional.
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, vision problems are common in people with vitamin A deficiency. Routine distribution of vitamin A to children in endemic areas leads to a decrease in infant mortality from 5 to 15%. Both forms of the vitamin will be further metabolized in the body and converted to active retinoic and retinoic acid. Retinol, also known as preformed vitamin A, is the most active form and is found mainly in animal foods.
Serum retinol levels reflect vitamin A stores in the liver when they are very depleted or extremely high; however, between these extremes, plasma or serum retinol is homeostatically controlled and therefore may not correlate well with vitamin A intake. As vitamin A deficiency worsens, the whites of the eyes and corneas may become dry and tears cannot be produced (xerophthalmia). Vitamin A deficiency is common in long-term protein-energy malnutrition Protein-energy malnutrition (PEU), formerly called protein-energy malnutrition, is an energy deficit that is due to the lack of all macronutrients. Although vitamin A deficiency is rare in the United States, it can cause serious complications, including vision loss, skin problems, and immune system problems.
Beta-carotene and other provitamin carotenoids, found in green and yellow leafy vegetables, carrots, and brightly colored or brightly colored fruits, are converted to vitamin A. The role of expanding the coverage of the national vitamin A program in preventing morbidity and mortality among preschool children in India.