Vitamins are essential nutrients that help the body perform hundreds of functions, from strengthening bones and healing wounds to converting food into energy and repairing cell damage. They also help resist infections, keep nerves healthy, and provide energy from food. Vitamin B-12 and folate are stored in the liver, while fat-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K) are stored in the liver and adipose tissue. Vitamin D is produced in the skin through exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.
Committing to a new eating habit or lifestyle can unintentionally eliminate essential vitamins and minerals. Erythrocyte hemolysis is a deficiency seen in babies who are born before the mother transfers vitamin E to them before birth. With the exception of vitamin B-12 and folate, the body cannot store most of the B vitamins. In 1912, biochemist Casimir Funk was the first to coin the term “vitamin” in a research publication that was accepted by the medical community.
Because excess amounts of fat-soluble vitamins go to the liver for storage, potential health risks are associated with too much of these vitamins in the body. The amount of iron in a multivitamin may also be beneficial for women of childbearing age. If you follow dietary guidelines, you'll get enough of most of these vitamins from food. But are daily supplemental vitamins necessary? What are vitamins? What do they do? And how do they act in our body? Vitamins play an important role in keeping our bodies healthy and functioning properly.
They help strengthen bones, heal wounds, strengthen the immune system, convert food into energy, and repair cell damage. Proper nutrition can slow down cell wear and tear as we age, while antioxidants work to protect cells from environmental stressors.